Full Professors

Luís Oliveira e Silva

My research is focused on the interaction of intense particle/photon beams and relativistic flows with matter covering plasma-based accelerators, intense radiation sources, magnetic field generation processes in extreme astrophysics events, collisionless shocks in the laboratory and in space/astrophysics, QED physics in intense fields, and nonlinear metamaterials. My research methodology combines theory with massively parallel particle-in-cell simulations.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 1997
  • Agregação: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2005
  • Recent publications
    • Extremely intense laser-based electron acceleration in a plasma channel (2018) DOI
    • Ion acceleration in electrostatic collisionless shock: on the optimal density profile for quasi-monoenergetic beams (2018) DOI
    • Magnetic turbulence in a table-top laser-plasma relevant to astrophysical scenarios (2017) DOI
    • Ponderomotive beatwave ion acceleration using twisted light (2017) DOI

Luís Lemos Alves

My field of work is the modelling and simulation of low-temperature plasmas. I use a research methodology that starts by formulating the problem, continues with the development / updating of a numerical tool, including its verification through benchmarking against other codes, and concludes with the validation of the physical model by comparison with experiments. Over the years I have developed many different numerical codes, extending from the numerical solution of the electron Boltzmann equation to the development of multi-dimensional dynamic models for reactive gas/plasma systems. My research focuses on the study of microwave and radio-frequency discharges, of interest for material science, biological and environmental applications.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 1993
  • Agregação: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2006
  • Recent publications
    • The LisbOn KInetics Boltzmann solver (2019) DOI
    • Foundations of modelling of nonequilibrium low-temperature plasmas (2018) DOI
    • Reply to Comment on ‘The case for in situ resource utilisation for oxygen production on Mars by non-equilibrium plasmas’ (2018) DOI
    • The case for in situ resource utilisation for oxygen production on Mars by non-equilibrium plasmas (2017) DOI


Associate Professors / Principal Researchers

Vasco Guerra

I am interested in the non-equilibrium kinetics of low-temperature molecular plasmas, including electron, vibrational, heavy-particle and surface kinetics. I develop models to simulate, understand and interpret the physics of these systems, both by studying specific elements of each of the kinetics and by developing fully self-consistent models describing their global behaviour. I have investigated mostly Nitrogen-Oxygen-Argon and am currently looking also at CO2.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 1998
  • Agregação: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2010
  • Recent publications
    • The LisbOn KInetics Boltzmann solver (2019) DOI
    • Oxygen atom kinetics in CO2 plasmas ignited in a DC glow discharge (2019) DOI
    • Oxygen (3P) atom recombination on a Pyrex surface in an O2 plasma (2019) DOI
    • A rotational Raman study under non-thermal conditions in pulsed CO2–N2 and CO2–O2 glow discharges (2019) DOI

João Pedro Saraiva Bizarro

My research has focused on the theory and modelling of tokamak plasmas (more recently, mostly on equilibrium, transport and current drive), on friction in thermodynamics, and on discrete Wigner functions.

  • PhD: Université de Provence (Aix-Marseille I), 1993
  • Agregação: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2010
  • Recent publications
    • Quasilinear approach to ray tracing in weakly turbulent, randomly fluctuating media (2018) DOI
    • Comment on “Not all counterclockwise thermodynamic cycles are refrigerators” [Am. J. Phys. 84, 413–418 (2016)] (2017) DOI
    • Twisted waves in a magnetized plasma (2017) DOI
    • Analytical study of growth estimates, control of fluctuations, and conservative structures in a two-field model of the scrape-off layer (2017) DOI

Carlos Silva

My research is focused on edge physics, multi-scale turbulent transport and diagnostic development in fusion devices. The work is performed in devices such as ISTTOK (Portugal), TJ-II (Spain), AUG (Germany) and JET (UK), where I regularly participate in experimental campaigns. My research methodology combines data analysis with diagnostic development aiming at contributing to the understanding of turbulent transport in fusion devices.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2000
  • Agregação: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2013
  • Recent publications
    • Geodesic acoustic mode evolution in L-mode approaching the L–H transition on JET (2019) DOI
    • Turbulence level effects on conventional reflectometry using 2D full-wave simulations (2018) DOI
    • Scaling of the geodesic acoustic mode amplitude on JET (2018) DOI
    • Characterization of edge turbulence in different states of divertor detachment using reflectometry in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak (2018) DOI

Horácio Fernandes

My scientific research is focused on fusion devices diagnostics and real-time control and operation. I have started to operate one of the earlier existing remote controlled physics laboratories in operation since 1999 related to my interest in electronic instrumentation.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 1997
  • Agregação: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2013
  • Recent publications
    • Cleaning of the Eddy Current Effects From Magnetic Diagnostics (2019) DOI
    • Full-Pulse Tomographic Reconstruction with Deep Neural Networks (2018) DOI
    • Deuterium retention in tin (Sn) and lithium–tin (Li–Sn) samples exposed to ISTTOK plasmas (2017) DOI
    • Profile measurements of the electron temperature on the ASDEX Upgrade, COMPASS, and ISTTOK tokamak using Thomson scattering, triple, and ball-pen probes (2016) DOI

Bruno Soares Gonçalves

My research is focused on edge physics, control and data acquisition, development of diagnostics and integration of engineering systems for fusion devices such as JET, ITER and DEMO. My research activity involves multidisciplinary fields ranging from diagnostic development and data analysis to project management methodologies aiming at achieving the best measurements on fusion devices.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico,2003
  • Agregação: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2012
  • Recent publications
    • FPGA Code for the Data Acquisition and Real-Time Processing Prototype of the ITER Radial Neutron Camera (2019) DOI
    • Real-Time Data Compression for Data Acquisition Systems Applied to the ITER Radial Neutron Camera (2019) DOI
    • The Design and Performance of the Real-Time Software Architecture for the ITER Radial Neutron Camera (2019) DOI
    • Linux device driver for Radial Neutron Camera in view of ITER long pulses with variable data throughput (2019) DOI


Assistant Professors / Assistant Researchers

Marta Fajardo

My research is focused on the development and use of Ultra-bright X-ray sources such as X-ray Free Electron Lasers, Plasma-based X-ray lasers and High Harmonic Generation. I use these sources to study Matter in Extreme Conditions such as High Energy Density Plasmas. For these studies I develop new diagnostics in X-ray Imaging such as X-ray holography, Coherent Diffraction Imaging and 3D imaging, using my team’s know-how in X-ray Metrology.

  • PhD: Ecole Polytechnique & Instituto Superior Técnico, 2001
  • Recent publications
    • Computed stereo lensless X-ray imaging (2019) DOI
    • 44th European physical society conference on plasma physics (2018) DOI
    • Tracking the ultrafast XUV optical properties of x-ray free-electron-laser heated matter with high-order harmonics (2018) DOI
    • Optimization and Characterization of High-Harmonic Generation for Probing Solid Density Plasmas (2017) DOI

Artur Malaquias

At IPFN I am responsible for the heavy ion beam diagnostic team. This diagnostic was installed in 1992 for the measurement of several plasma parameters of the ISTTOK tokamak. My interests are in the numerical modelling, data analysis, design and commissioning of upgrades. The main difference to previous arrangements of the ISTTOK-HIBD relies on the use of a 2D matrix cell detector to collect the complete fan of probing ions exiting the plasma. This new approach opened the possibility for the simultaneous measurement of electron density and temperature, plasma potential and internal magnetic field profiles with their temporal evolution. Other research interests include participation in European fusion projects in other tokamaks: JET, ITER and DEMO.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2000
  • Recent publications
    • Integration Concept of the Reflectometry Diagnostic for the Main Plasma in DEMO (2018) DOI
    • Nuclear and Thermal Analysis of a Reflectometry Diagnostics Concept for DEMO (2018) DOI
    • Efficient generation of energetic ions in multi-ion plasmas by radio-frequency heating (2017) DOI
    • Overview of the JET results in support to ITER (2017) DOI

Bernardo Brotas Carvalho

My scientific research is focused on fusion plasma diagnostics, real-time control and operation and development of high performance hardware and software for CODAC systems.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2003
  • Recent publications
    • Cleaning of the Eddy Current Effects From Magnetic Diagnostics (2019) DOI
    • Diamagnetic energy measurement during the first operational phase at the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator (2018) DOI
    • Design and Simulation of ISTTOK Real-Time Magnetic Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Control (2018) DOI
    • Real-Time Vertical Plasma Position Control Using the Heavy Ion Beam Diagnostic (2017) DOI

Gonçalo Figueira

My research is focused on the science and technology of high intensity, ultrashort laser pulses, covering the study of broadband amplification techniques, the development of high efficiency, high repetition rate pump lasers, the creation and application of laser pulses with specific shapes, and the design of ultrafast diagnostics for pulse measurement and characterization. My research is strongly experimental, supported by theory and modelling, and is carried out at IST’s Laboratory for Intense Lasers.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2001
  • Recent publications
    • Simultaneous measurement of pulse front tilt and pulse duration with a double trace autocorrelator (2019) DOI
    • Guiding of laser pulses in plasma waveguides created by linearly-polarized femtosecond laser pulses (2018) DOI
    • Optimization and Characterization of High-Harmonic Generation for Probing Solid Density Plasmas (2017) DOI
    • Ultrashort pulse capability at the L2I high intensity laser facility (2017) DOI

João Mendanha Dias

My research in fundamental physics is focused on secondary radiation sources and optical diagnostics in laser-plasma interaction field. On the other hand I have also devoted significant work to optical applications in medicine (eye optical modeling) and in industry (spectroscopy and laser metrology). My research methodology is mainly experimental work, engineering design and, occasionally, simulations and modelling.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2001
  • Recent publications
    • Guiding of laser pulses in plasma waveguides created by linearly-polarized femtosecond laser pulses (2018) DOI
    • Optimization and Characterization of High-Harmonic Generation for Probing Solid Density Plasmas (2017) DOI
    • Ultrashort pulse capability at the L2I high intensity laser facility (2017) DOI
    • An ultra-high gain and efficient amplifier based on Raman amplification in plasma (2017) DOI

Jorge Vieira

At the intersection of photonics and plasma science, my research employs advanced computing and theoretical modelling to exploit the properties of structured, intense light to attain the ultimate physical limits of plasma accelerators and associated light sources, envisioning beam phase spaces tailored for specific applications. To complement theoretical and computational advances, I strive to collaborate with experimental teams that might bring these concepts closer to reality, whenever possible.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2010
  • Recent publications
    • Radiation emission in laser-wakefields driven by structured laser pulses with orbital angular momentum (2019) DOI
    • All optical dual stage laser wakefield acceleration driven by two-color laser pulses (2018) DOI
    • Attosecond electron bunches from a nanofiber driven by Laguerre-Gaussian laser pulses (2018) DOI
    • Plasmon excitations with a semi-integer angular momentum (2018) DOI

Rui Coelho

My research is focused on theory and modelling of magnetically confined fusion plasmas. In particular, I am interested in the Integrated Tokamak modelling, the dynamics of magnetic reconnection events associated to plasma confinement degradation in Tokamaks and the interaction of energetic particles with Alfven waves. I collaborate with the experimental teams of ISTTOK (Portugal), JET (UK), AUG (Germany) and TCV (Switzerland) and on the research plan of future devices such as JT60-SA (Japan) and DEMO.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2001
  • Recent publications
    • 14 MeV calibration of JET neutron detectors-phase 1: Calibration and characterization of the neutron source (2018) DOI
    • MARCONI-FUSION: The new high performance computing facility for European nuclear fusion modelling (2018) DOI
    • TAE stability calculations compared to TAE antenna results in JET (2018) DOI
    • Efficient generation of energetic ions in multi-ion plasmas by radio-frequency heating (2017) DOI

Mário Pinheiro

Mario received his Ph.D. in Physics from the Technical Institute of Lisbon, University of Lisbon, in close cooperation with the University of Orsay Paris-XI. But before that, he obtained the DEUG (Licence) from the University Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand. The Master degree was obtained at the Université de Paris VII-Jussieu and the "Diplome d´Etudes Approfondies" (DEA) from the University of Orsay Paris-XI. He is interested in the fundamentals of physics, plasma, and electromagnetic propulsion, and the use of physics in many applied and trans-disciplinary fields.

  • PhD: Instituto Superior Técnico, 1993
  • Agregação: Instituto Superior Técnico, 2011
  • Recent publications
    • Study of the design and efficiency of single stage EHD thrusters at the sub-atmospheric pressure of 1.3 kPa (2017) DOI
    • Single-stage EHD thruster response to several simulation conditions in nitrogen gas (2017) DOI
    • A reformulation of mechanics and electrodynamics (2017) DOI
    • Electrostatic propulsion device for aerodynamics applications (2016) DOI

David Resendes

    Recent publications


Invited Professors

Mario Lino da Silva

My research focuses on high-speed, warm collisional plasmas, where I try to understand the nonequilibrium thermodynamic properties of such plasmas, the dynamics of kinetic processes and radiation, and where I try to develop advanced fluid descriptions of such plasmas that include the quantum dynamics of molecular energy exchange processes.

  • PhD: Université d'Orléans, 2004
  • Recent publications
    • The LisbOn KInetics Boltzmann solver (2019) DOI
    • Reply to Comment on ‘The case for in situ resource utilisation for oxygen production on Mars by non-equilibrium plasmas’ (2018) DOI
    • The case for in situ resource utilisation for oxygen production on Mars by non-equilibrium plasmas (2017) DOI
    • High-Pressure H2/He/O2 Combustion Experiments for the Design of the ESTHER Shock-Tube Driver (2016) DOI

Hugo Terças

My research interests focus on the physics of quantum matter, covering aspects of solid-state plasmonics, ultra-cold quantum gases (Bose-Einstein condensates) and axion-plasma interaction. My approach consists in modeling complex dynamics in the quantum regime by incorporating key ingredients from condensed matter and quantum field theory in the formulation of both fluid and kinetic equations. Filling the important gap between plasmas and condensed matter, I aim at contributing towards plasma applications in quantum technologies.

    Recent publications
    • Spontaneous generation of phononic entanglement in quantum dark-soliton qubits (2019) DOI
    • Electron trapping in freely expanding ultracold neutral plasmas (2019) DOI
    • Entanglement sudden death and revival in quantum dark-soliton qubits (2018) DOI
    • Quantum Landau damping in dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates (2018) DOI


Former Members

Nuno Loureiro

Theory and simulations of magnetic reconnection, magnetized turbulence, magnetic field generation, turbulent transport and instabilities in magnetically confined fusion plasmas.

  • PhD: Imperial College London, 2005
  • Recent publications
    • Linear theory of electron-plasma waves at arbitrary collisionality (2019) DOI
    • Numerical Study of Inertial Kinetic-Alfvén Turbulence (2019) DOI
    • Turbulence in Magnetized Pair Plasmas (2018) DOI
    • Fully Kinetic Large-scale Simulations of the Collisionless Magnetorotational Instability (2018) DOI